Introduction to Romans – Week 3 – Chapter 5

Romans 5 – Week 3

In the previous two weeks Paul made a case that a life in Christ is achieved through faith and not good works. We established that sin wasn’t just a Gentile issue, but an issue for the Jews as well, and how our justification of faith upholds the Moral Law.

Summary of Chapter 5:

  1.  Therefore, since we have been made right in God by faith, we have peace.
  2. Because of our faith, Christ has brought us into this place of undeserved privilege where we now stand, and we confidently and joyfully look forward to sharing God’s glory.
  3. We can rejoice when we run into trials and tribulations, because we know that they help us develop patience
  4. patience develops strength in experience which instills hope.  
  5. This hope will not lead to disappointment. For we know how dearly God loves us, because he has given us the Holy Spirit to fill our hearts with his love.
  6. When we were utterly helpless, Christ died for our sins.  (Perfect Timing)
  7. Christ died for us even though we are sinners.  (Obviously would have died for the righteous)
  8.  Now we can rejoice in this new relationship with God because Jesus’s death on the cross tore the curtain and restored communion with our Heavenly Father. 


A justification of faith before God results in a peace with God.  If you think you can achieve this through works, you’ll never have peace because you’ll always be wondering if you’ve done enough.  Peace comes when you have done EVERYTHING required to be counted as righteous before God (i.e. simply accepting His grace)

So not only are we saved by grace, but then we remain in good standing with God, not by then maintaining good works, but by staying in faith.  So you have people who believe that they must complete only good works their entire lives to be saved, and then you have other people who are saying that they are saved by grace, but then need to complete good works to stay in God’s grace.  But Paul is saying that you are saved by grace alone, and remain in that grace through faith.  

And so when bad things happen in our lives we are to remain in peace.  In verses 3 and 4 Paul gives us the sequence why:  Tribulation builds patience.  Patience builds experience.  Experience builds faith.  Faith builds Hope.  

Tribulation > Patience > Experience > Faith > Hope

notice carefully that the first step to obtaining patience is tribulation. To pray for patience is to invite some tribulation!

Verse 6-8 essentially says this: In other words, whatever your past, you can be saved from “the wrath” by trusting Jesus Christ as your personal savior.

The Sin of Adam 

  1.  When Adam sinned, sin entered the world. Adam’s sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinned.
  2. People sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted as sin because there was not yet any law to break. 
  3. Still, everyone died—from the time of Adam to the time of Moses.
  4. The sin of Adam, brought death to many. But even greater is God’s wonderful grace and his gift of forgiveness to many through this other man, Jesus Christ.
  5. Adam’s sin led to condemnation, but God’s free gift leads to our being made right with God, even though we are guilty of many sins.
  6. For the sin of Adam, caused death to rule over many. But even greater is God’s wonderful grace and his gift of righteousness, for all who receive it will live in triumph over sin and death through this one man, Jesus Christ.


Adam brought sin into the world, so sin existed long before the “law”, but it was the law that provided accountability.  So essentially anyone born between Adam and Moses were all born into sin.  Even though the law hadn’t been handed down yet, sin was still a thing.  But Paul kind of comes down on Adam hard over the next few verses, saying:

-By Adam, sin entered the world

-through the offense of Adam, many are dead

-by Adam’s offense judgement came to all men by condemnation

-by Adam’s disobedience all were made sinners

And we’re still feeling the effects of that today through natural sin and rebellion against God. to summarize, we are made sinners by Adam, all who trust Christ as Savior are made righteous through Christ. Adam’s transgression robbed mankind of immortality. Jesus’ death on the cross restores it. God’s grace delivers the Believer to “eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord”

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